Little Nine Heaven Wu Tao

The Little Nine Heaven system consists of three skills: Ju Kung (Nine Chamber Fist), Chian-kuan Jen (swordmanship); and Shih Shui (bone marrow washing). Nine Chamber Fist has both the characteristics of strengthening the body actively and passively in a manner for self-defense. It is mainly based on the Confucian thoughts of the merging of heaven and man to transform one’s disposition. In skill, it is based on the Tao’s practice of the balancing between yin and yang to relax the tendons and bones, and to perform marrow washing. Even though its name translates to fist, it is actually an exclusive literature and a rich inheritance passed down through the centuries by word of mouth.

lphmantisThe theory behind the Nine Chamber Fist is in the exercising of the palms, wrists, fists, elbows, shoulders, waist, thighs, knees, and feet. It implies the nine chamber evolution illustrated in the tai chi theory of the Book of Changes (I-Ching). The I-Ching is one of the earliest and deepest philosophical literatures written and it also explains the natural phenomenon of the universe. To many, Hsiao Jiu Tian is the highest level of principles in the I-Ching. Tai chi is the combination of the natural activities and is the highest rule of the universe. The activities of nature are evolved from yin and yang. Tao consists of one positive element, yang, and one negative element, yin. One can think of yin and yang as the positive and negative in mathematics.

The Universe

According to Taoism, nature is the major universe and the human body the small universe. The kidneys are positioned at the waist and represent tai chi. From tai chi comes the two instruments. In terms of the human body, they are the two major tendons on both sides of the spine which go all the way down to the thighs. From the two instruments come the four phenomena which correspond to the four limbs. The two instruments also reach to the four terminals: tongue, teeth, nails, and hair. From the four phenomenon come the eight diagrams (Paqua). In relation to the human body, they are the four limbs and eight joints. There are 64 diagrams in the human body.

The Nine Chamber Fist originates its force from the waist, then to the two major tendons, and then to the four limbs. This is called the method of mind. Then it flows from the four limbs and eight joints to the joints of the hands and feet. This is called the method of hands. There is also one other method called the method of steps. This method uses the five elements (metal, water, wood, fire, and earth) to represent the five organs (lung, kidney, liver, heart, and spleen). The five organs radiate five chis.

The five organs resemble auto parts, tendons, and flesh resemble the body of the automobile and chi and blood resemble the gasoline. If the auto parts are out of order, a durable auto body or a full tank of gasoline is still unable to help the automobile function. All these phenomena are controlled by the “central vein,” which connects to the brain and down to the “life and death point” at the perineum. This is how the nine chamber is formed. The fist imitates the activities of nature and it is very close to Tao. It is therefore named the Nine Chamber Fist.

To analyze the fist from a physiological point of view, its very movements are based on the structures, positions, forms, and functions of the tendons and bones, and the mutual relations between acupuncture points, chi paths, and blood vessels. “Central vein” and the “bottom of the sea” are vital because they are the source of chi. The “bottom of the sea” emanates chi to the entire body. By using various methods such as chi cultivating, chi exercising, chi terminating, and chi holding one can cultivate internal power and strength. This chi follows the paths to the links to prevent aging. For external strengthening, the method of “bear’s neck and bird’s stretch” is used to relax joints to prolong life. In the training of Nine Chamber Fist, one does not merely concentrate on the external body strengthening but also on the cultivation of internal power.

Nine Chamber Fist

l9htigerThe forms of the Nine Chamber Fist (Ju Kung) are based on the instinctive movements and natural strategies of wildlife, the ancient Lo Shu theory, and the mechanical and energetic structures of the human body. In practice, the whole body acts and moves as one. The simple forms are designed to elicit power from the entire body, rather than from individual limbs. Each form is a single practice, rather than a long series of continuous practices. The purpose of single practice is to deeply familiarize oneself with a single style and method, to develop a strong foundation, and to encourage a high degree of proficiency and adaptability in the use of the techniques of Nine Chamber Fist.

18 Ground Maneuvers

The 18 Ground Maneuvers are a set of 18 devastating fighting techniques, designed to instantly and completely destroy your opponent. The training of the 18 Ground Maneuvers is extremely challenging, and reserved for the most elite students of Little Nine Heaven Fist. The 18 Ground Maneuvers are:

  1. Green Dragon lying on the path
  2. Carp lying on the lotus
  3. Magpie taking its perch
  4. Black Dragon winding around the pillar
  5. Breaking the back and cutting the bone
  6. Taking the form of the shrimp
  7. Taking the form of the toad
  8. Golden scissors maneuvering
  9. Sickle maneuvering
  10. Sealing the passes
  11. Hanging the horn
  12. Picking Lotus
  13. Hand supporting the belly
  14. Flying the heart
  15. Striking the knee
  16. Back Hanging
  17. Leg Exercising
  18. Pulling up the Willow

Chian-kuan jen

The Little Nine Heaven sword is long handled and composed of a pair of twin swords, fabricated together after the 12 earthly branches. This combines the five elements and seven stars. The sword is four feet two inches in length, with five reclined saw-teeth in the mid-section and seven reclined saw-teeth in the stem or rear section.

In training, one is taught to use either one or two hands and to use the various strategies of all the short-range weapons. These include the hammer, staff, cudgel and knife.

l9hswordThe various forms practiced include yin/yang sword, crane sword, snake sword, monkey (ape) sword, and the dragon sword. A student is taught to block and counterattack in one move and to use the tip, midsection, and stem of the sword. This differs from the Shaolin system of using only the tip. The sword exercises are simple and without complex patterns, but are highly effective against an attack. A student’s goal is to attain a high proficiency and flexibility in using the sword without having to rigidly adhere to formalities.

Shih Shui (Bone Marrow Washing)

Shih Shui is an ancient form of exercises unique to Taoism and the Hsiao Jiu Tian (Little Nine Heaven) system. A student of Shih Shui strives to unite his physical and chi or spiritual bodies as one. The system of Shih Shui consists of three levels: Transfer of the ching (sexual energy; sperm in men, ovarian fluid in women) to the chi; transfer of the chi to the shen (spirit); and cultivate the shen to return to the stage of shu (emptiness). By cultivating this chi into a higher form, one will be in harmony with nature and the universe.

The many health benefits of Shih Shui include chi organ restoration, organ detoxification, and nourishment of the vital organs through chi energy generation and storage. One can cleanse and build the blood, thus causing a reduction of the work the heart must do. Bone marrow will also be revitalized. It serves as a form of Iron Body for the martial artist, and enhances the performance of lovemaking. It is, in fact, the highest form of Chinese Chi-Kung and Taoist cultivation.

Little Nine Heaven Meditation

Referred to as the “micro-cosmic orbit,” or the “small heavenly orbit” in modern literature, the Hsiao Jiu Tian Taoist meditation literally translates to Little Nine Heaven Circle meditation and is a reference to the practice of circulating energy through nine major energy centers along the Governor and Functional channels of the body’s chi meridians. Hsiao Jiu Tian is a perennial Taoist meditation, particularly associated with the Little Nine Heaven system of Internal Kung Fu. The practice of Little Nine Heaven Circulation is considered essential to the achievement of high levels of health and energy, as well as Immortality, in traditional Taoist culture.


The basis of Little Nine Heaven (Hsiao Chiu Tien) has been recorded in Chinese history books as originating from the Nine Chamber scriptures written by the Yellow Emperor, Huang-Ti (2698B.C.-2598B.C.). Its theory is based on yin/yang, five elements, and the constellations and positions of divinatory symbols. Its aim is entering Tao by way of skills. Huang-Ti is credited with improving upon the art of wrestling to defeat the rebellious tribal chieftains, thus bringing all corners of the land under control. This victory laid down a solid foundation of unity for the Chinese nation. Huang-Ti’s military feats and tactics were the beginning of China’s martial arts.

Martial arts thrived and became a science in the Tang (A.D.618-906) and Sung Dynasties (AD 906-1127). The hand-to-hand fighting gradually developed into a science of boxing and later split into sects of internalism and externalism. The external system advocates firmness and strength benefiting bones and muscles, while the internal system advocates gentleness and grace, benefiting internal organs. Despite their differences, both systems are of the same origin.

The Taoist, Wu Dao Zi of the Tang Dynasty, while adhering to the theories of Huang-Ti’s nine chamber scriptures, blended the static and kinetic self-defense functions of the birds, animals, insects, and fish into one system. He established a school of boxing and swordsmanship that comprised the skills of wrestling, striking, seizing, and kicking, along with the skills of controlling chi and preserving the spirit through the cultivation of bone marrow washing. This school was named Little Nine Heaven Wu Tao. The students of this school were used to guard the temples of the Taoists priests. This is actually the origin of the present day Little Nine Heaven system.


In the mid 1920s, Master Chiao Chang Hung learned the art of Little Nine Heaven Fist from the venerable Abbot Lushan Daoren, as a lay-disciple of the San-Ching temple, located on Yi Wu Lu Mountain in northeastern China. After years of hard practice, the Honorable Master Lushan Daoren chose young Chiao as the 33rd generation successor.

After leaving the temple, Master Chiao subsequently mastered the internal arts of Hsing-Yi, Bagua, and Tai-Chi. With the Communist takeover of mainland China, Master Chiao emigrated to Taiwan and started teaching the arts of Chinese internal Kung-Fu.

Master James W. McNeil began his training in the martial arts in 1966, and has subsequently mastered many rare and authentic systems of Chinese Kung Fu, Chi-Kung, Meditation, and other forms of martial and spiritual cultivation. In 1983, Lao-Tzu McNeil was accepted as Master Chiao’s first and only American student, and eventually was chosen as the 34th generation successor in the powerful Little Nine Heaven system of internal Kung Fu.

On May 15th, 2009, Chris Benner was honored to be initiated into the ranks of the Little Nine Heaven Wu Dao school of Internal Kung Fu and Taoism, through a very special ceremony held at the Manchester, England branch of our Little Nine Heaven International Kung Fu Association, along with nine other Brothers. Chris proudly represents the 35th generation of Little Nine Heaven Wu Dao, the oldest known system of Taoist Kung Fu.

Internal Kung Fu